When it comes to minimalism, negative space is the most important element. When composing a shot with a subject as your focal point, try not to think about how to fill the frame, but rather, how to surround your subject with emptiness. This will ensure that no matter what, your subject will remain prominent in the shot.
In the same vein, achieving cleanliness is instrumental to creating a great minimalist shot, and there are a few ways you can achieve this. Firstly, try using a neutral or contrasting background to help isolate your subject. This will create a point of focus in your shot that will help frame the entire photograph. Secondly, ensure there are no distracting elements in the background. Unnecessary elements will detract your audience’s focus from the main subject in your frame. Finally, use the sense of scale to your advantage.
Apply the “rules of thirds” and strategically frame your subject and background to create a void, or a sense of vastness. This technique is a hallmark of minimalism.