Achieving a Good Exposure
The moon is dotted with craters, channels, and mountains on its surface, becoming more visible during different lunar phases. However, the moon can appear as a bright white circle due to overexposure, caused by the light metering not working well due to the surrounding darkness. To alleviate this problem, it is important to experiment with bracket exposures. One way is to manually change the exposure by adjusting the exposure compensation (+/-). Take one shot with the automatic setting, then take the same shot at +/-0.5EV, then at +/-1EV, and continue to +/-1.5EV or beyond. Another way is to use the camera’s spot metering mode on the moon, which will most likely be the brightest part of your image. You can also try using a shutter speed that is slower than 1 second, set the focus to infinity and the aperture to f/11 or f/16 to get the shot. Consider photographing during blue hour, so that there is less contrast between the sky and a fully-lit moon.